Nos conseils pour l'affûtage d'une chaîne de tronçonneuse

Couper avec une chaîne émoussée entraîne une augmentation de la consommation de carburant et une usure excessive. Heureusement, vous pouvez facilement éviter ce problème en affûtant régulièrement et correctement vos chaînes. Vous trouverez ici tout ce que vous devez savoir sur l'affûtage de votre tronçonneuse.

What do I need to file my chain?

These are the tools you need to keep your chain sharp:

  • Round file
  • Flat file
  • File gauge
  • Stump vise

Remember that the round file and gauges are different for different chain types. See table below.

Filing equipment

Filing angles

The cutters should be filed according to these angles:

  • Top plate filing angle
  • Side plate cutting angle
  • File down angle
  • Depth gauge setting

The angles may vary depending on the type of chain you have. A good way to restore the cutter to the correct angles is to use a filing gauge. By doing this, you don’t need to think about the different angles to ensure a good result. Just follow the instructions and you’ll get the right angles on the cutting tooth.

Filing angles

How often should the chain be filed?

A saw chain’s sharpness is impaired after time even if you have been avoiding cutting into objects that reduce its sharpness (rock, soil, etc.). The chain becomes blunt. If the chain has sawn through stone it is useless and must be sharpened immediately.

If you use a chainsaw for much of the day, it is appropriate to sharpen the chain with a file each time you refuel. It’s easier to sharpen a little but often than waiting a long time to file. You also get better precision and work more effectively.

Blunt cutting tooth
Irregular edge on cutting tooth

How to file the chain?

We recommend using a Husqvarna file gauge for best filing results. Try to file away as little material as possible.

Start by finding the shortest cutter. All cutters should be filed to match the length of the shortest cutter.

  • Place the filing gauge on the chain. The arrows on the filing gauge should point in the chain’s direction of rotation (towards the nose wheel). Make sure the gauge has contact with the chain.
  • Use the round file. Place the file at a 90° angle to the rollers on the filing gauge. File with both hands. The file should rest on both rollers. File the cutting tooth away from you with smooth strokes.
  • Now proceed to file every other tooth. Each cutting tooth is to be filed so that it is sharp. It is important that all the cutting teeth are of equal length.
  • Once you have finished filing all the cutting teeth on one side, loosen the vice and then attach the guide bar from the other direction. Then sharpen the cutting teeth in the same way from the opposite direction.

How to file the chain 1 How to file the chain 2 How to file the chain 3

Filing in the forest

A useful tool to have when filing out in the field is a stump vice. Attach it to a stump or log and secure the guide bar like a normal vice. File according to the filing instructions.

Filing in the forest

How to set the correct depth gauge?

The depth gauge setting determines how much the cutting tooth will cut. If the depth gauge setting is set very low, the plane takes a very little amount of wood.

If the depth gauge is set too high the cutting tooth will cut too deeply into the wood. This means a cut that is more aggressive with high vibrations as a result. Also, the risk of kickback increases and the chainsaw is exposed to unnecessary stress.

Check the depth gauge every 3-5 times that you sharpen the chain during normal wear and more often during excessive wear. Use the depth gauge tool and flat file to check and set the correct height. “Soft” and “Hard” stamped on the gauge refers to soft wood (conifers) and frozen wood.

Depth gauge (this image need additional graphics)

When to replace the chain?

It’s time to replace the chain when the longest portion of the cutting tooth is less than 4 millimetres or if you find cracks.

When to replace the chainsaw chain (this image need additional graphics)

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